are a funding mechanism aiming to provide financial support to farmers to contribute to the protection or enhancement of biodiversity, soil, water, landscape, or air quality, or climate change mitigation or adaptation. A bundle of measures or options usually makes up a scheme. In the European Union this is an important part of the second pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy and implemented via the Rural Development Programmes of individual member states or regions.
Synonym: Agri-environment measures
See also: usually comprise several agri-environment-climate measures (AECM). Synonym: Agri-environment-climate schemes See also: Agri-environment-climate measures (AECM), Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) More, A PES scheme is a transparent system for the additional provision of environmental services through conditional payments to voluntary providers (e.g., farmers or landowners) (Tacconi, 2012). See Wunder (2015) for an overview of de... More