Contract Innovation Labs

map overview of CILs of Contracts2.0  
map overview of CILs of Contracts2.0                        

Contract Innovation Labs (CILs) focus on the development of novel contractual models. CILs are an important instrument within Contracts2.0 to mobilize practitioner expertise and integrate research results into the social innovation process. CILs will be a space of dialogue and action which will stimulate social learning and creativity. CILs will be established in each of the involved case study countries and will bring together farmers’ organizations, extension service providers, trainers, agro-ecological agents, environmental NGOs, companies, local development groups, public administrations, etc. Each CIL will address stakeholders’ specific real-life needs, following the principles of ‘living labs’: offering open and inclusive spaces, participation and cooperation, and reflective social learning through a collaborative multi-actor approach. CILs are interested in further development of contracts between private, public and civil society actors to support the provision of public environmental goods.

 

 

 

UNITED KINGDOM

CIL North West England

Region

CIL North West England covers a region that is characterised by upland livestock farming, low population densities and internationally recognised cultural landscapes.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

Broadly speaking, CIL objectives are to consolidate knowledge on agri-environmental agreements and initiatives across the region, and identify promising contracts to maintain and improve biodiversity, cultural heritage, water quality, soil quality and flood mitigation.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

Specific CIL objectives depend on stakeholders’ priorities but may include: (i) experimenting with expanding results-based contracts either in scale (several fields, cross-holdings) or content (multiple public goods); (ii) integrating collaborative aspects with results-based approaches; (iii) exploring how agri-environmental agreements can be tailored to work for the commons.

Type of Contracts

The CIL will focus on results-based and collaborative approaches, or a combination. We are building on the payment by results pilot in the Yorkshire Dales which involved 19 farmers, and existing farmer groups receiving funding under the Countryside Stewardship Facilitation Fund. In addition, there is interest to link to a trial for developing ‘landscape scale management planning’ comprising of an Area Plan and Land Management Plans at the farm scale which would provide holding scale detail as the basis for an agri-environmental contract.

Download PDF Button Factsheet CIL NWE  

back to top

 

 

 

NETHERLANDS

CIL Natuurrijk Limburg

Region

This CIL takes place in the region of Limburg, which has arable and dairy farming. The area covered is much bigger than in the other CIL in the Netherlands. Therefore we see different land uses in this area: one can encounter larger open spaces, but also smaller plots of land surrounded by lots of landscape elements. The typical native species of the region is the hamster. The area is also a popular destination for tourists.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

The general target is improving biodiversity. In this area this involves the maintenance of landscape elements. This also has beneficial effects on carbon drawdown and climate change adaptation. 

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

Just like in the rest of the Netherlands, agri-environmental measures for biodiversity are carried out through a collective approach. The focus of the CIL will be to improve the coordination of measures, in collaboration with other users of the land. Furthermore, the success of measures is often monitored by the population numbers of ‘target species’ such as the hamster. However, measures for the hamster enhance the landscape as a whole, therefore it will be a focus of the CIL to value measures holistically.

Type of Contract

The CIL will focus on improving the collective approach.

                                                                                                                                                      Factsheet CIL Natuurrijk Limburg Download PDF Button

CIL Oost-Groningen

Region

This CIL focuses on the region of Oost Groningen, which is dominated by arable land. The landscape is characterized by wide open spaces. Historically it is a habitat for ground breeding birds. The objectives of regional land-owners (farmers, landscape/nature organizations) sometimes vary.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

Broadly speaking, the targeted issue is the decline of biodiversity. Popular measures support the lifecycle of birds. However, these measures are often also beneficial to water quality and invite the reduction of pesticides.  

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

Just like in the rest of the Netherlands, agri-environmental (AE) measures for biodiversity are carried out through a collective approach. The collective approach facilitates a landscape scale angle of agri-environmental measures, because groups of farmers coordinate their measures together. This leads to the creation of so-called ‘mozaïques’ of measures with the goal of sustaining the native flora and fauna populations.

Type of Contract

The Oost Groningen CIL will focus on improving collective approaches.

back to top                                                                                                                Factsheet CIL Oost-Groningen Download PDF Button

 

 

 

BELGIUM

CIL Flanders 

Region

Flanders is very urbanized due to a high population density. Farming comprises 45% of the land area. Of this area, fodder crops (pastures, maize) and cereals account for the largest share. Agriculture and horticulture traditionally have a family character, but are increasingly characterized by scaling up, specialization, innovation and expansion.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

Broadly speaking, the CIL Flanders focuses on measures for biodiversity and climate change mitigation/ adaption.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

Agri-environmental schemes until now, are incentive-based and at an individual level. Collaboration of local farmer groups in order to conserve and enhance biodiversity exists, as well as environmental management at a landscape level and some individual cases of results-based payments. The aim of our CIL is to further explore and develop collective and results-based approaches in close collaboration with the Flemish Policy Innovation Lab.

Type of Contracts

The CIL will focus on results-based and collaborative approaches, or a combination.

back to top                                                                                                                                                              Factsheet CIL Flanders   Download PDF Button 

 

 

 

FRANCE

CIL Hautes-Pyrénées

Region

CIL Hautes-Pyrénées covers a region that is characterised by mountain livestock farming and transhumance practices, relatively low population densities and valuable cultural landscapes characterize by multiple uses (Production of cheese/meat, recreation such as hiking, skiing, bird watching and hunting).

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

Promote open landscapes in natural protected areas and the conservation and rehabilitation of natural habitats (H2000) by maintaining and promoting animal presence (transhumance) in summer pastures and adapting collective grazing practices.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

Identify dream contracts that could guarantee an optimal and adaptive management of collective pastoral lands while taking into account environmental public goods. Re-adjust or find alternatives to currently available agro-environmental contracts in order to better adapt the context of transhumance and collectively used pastures in mountain areas.

Type of Contract

Collective AECS to maintain current practices (SHP 02), Collective AECS to promote change of practices (localized AECS: Herbe 09 / Ouvert 01-03)

                                                                                                                                  Factsheet CIL Hautes-Pyrénées  Download PDF Button

 back to top

 

 

 

SPAIN

CIL Madrid Region

Region

The CIL is contextualized in Madrid region, one of the most urbanized areas in Europe surrounded by a belt of multifunctional landscapes and family farming lands.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

The main agri-environmental concerns are related with climate change, soil and water protection. There is also an interest to conserve multifunctional agroecosystems where wild and cultivated biodiversity is preserved.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

The CIL is focused both on periurban and rural farming that includes vineyards, olive groves, cereals and horticultural crops. In Madrid, agri-environmental measures are in a very early stage of development. Some agri-environmental measures are included in the Rural Development Program, but either have not been developed or have not been funded. Others which are developed have moderate effectiveness.

The CIL objectives are:

1) to create a permanent space of dialogue and information exchange at regional and EU-levels

2) to improve knowledge of the current agricultural policy instruments in Madrid that incorporate environmental objectives

3) to explore measures that encourage farmers to increase the provision of environmental public goods

4) to influence agrarian regional policies.

Type of Contracts

The CIL is interested in land tenure measures, especially land stewardship agreements (i.e. voluntary agreement between an owner of natural areas and a land stewardship organization on the way to carry out joint actions that help to make production and conservation compatible) and territorial farming contracts (i.e. to guide and promote agricultural activities towards multifunctionality,  that effectively contributes to improve the economical, societal and environmental aspects in order to generate positive externalities). Furthermore, there is an interest in exploring results-based contracts and the possibility to use them in Madrid.

                                                                                                                                        Factsheet CIL Madrid Region  Download PDF Button

back to top

 

 

 

GERMANY I

CIL North Rhine-Westphalia

Region

The state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), which is densely populated, uses roughly half of its land area agriculturally. NRW shows a landscape diversity, ranging from highly fertile lowland areas in the north, mid and west to low mountain range landscapes in the south-east. Agriculture in the fertile low lands is characterized by intensive farming with grain, maize (feed/energy), sugar beet and oil plants (rape) as the most dominant crops. Especially along the Dutch border a number of pig and poultry farms can be found.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

The CIL NRW aims to preserve the traditional (agri-) cultural landscapes of the region in an area, which is dominated by intensive farming. More specifically, the objective is to protect the habitats of (endangered/decreasing) species adapted to open agricultural landscapes, particularly birds and insects.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

Generally, the CIL NRW aims to improve the uptake, longevity and effectiveness of contracts for agri-environmental measures. CIL-participants also acknowledged the need for improving the information flow between agricultural and other actors of society.

Type of Contract

The focus of the CIL NRW will be on collaborative approaches. As CIL-participants have also shown interest in results-based compensation, these approaches will also be investigated as possible modules in the group contracts. The CIL NRW is building on the experiences of SRK and SWK with production-integrated compensation measures involving farmers/landowners (groups). The focus of the work of SRK and SWK is to strengthen the implementation of effective measures by enhancing cooperation between farmers, authorities and other stakeholders.

                                                                                                                              Factsheet CIL North Rhine-Westphalia  Download PDF Button

back to top

 

 

 

DENMARK

CIL Bornholm

Region

Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of the westernmost part of Poland. The island’s topography consists of dramatic rock formations in the north sloping down towards pine and deciduous forests, farmland in the middle and sandy beaches in the south. Farming on Bornholm is dominated by specialized farms. Roughly one third of the farmland is managed by pig farmers, one third by arable farmers and a fifth by dairy farmers.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

The CIL at Bornholm is targeting climate issues. More specifically climate issues in the field and in the landscape. First specific issue is carbon storage in soils and vegetation.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

Co-creation of innovative contracts on climate robust and climate neutral farming.

Type of Contracts

The CIL Bornholm will focus on results-based and collaborative approaches, or a combination of both. Farmers are interested in these approaches, because they hope to reduce controlling and promote dialogue. Also the value chain approach will be explored.

                                                                                                                                                     Factsheet CIL Bornholm  Download PDF Button

back to top

 

 

 

HUNGARY

CIL Őrség

Region

Őrség National Park is a Hungarian National Park in the region Őrség. Over the centuries people have shaped the landscape by farming on small sections creating a diverse landscape and relief.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

Broadly speaking, CIL objectives are to preserve habitats for protected species – mainly in grassland – and to increase local demand for local products (to reduce transportation).

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

CIL Őrség is dedicated to reinforce communication with different stakeholders for sustainable environment. Mosaics of small different habitat patches create a characteristic landscape, which divides land uses and multiplies the number of farmers and stakeholders as well. The diverse landscape and relief have provided the basis for cultural heritage of unique disperse settlement pattern. We need to take advantages of this value, and enhance the collaboration between small family farms. CIL members come from various professions of rural life to cooperate. Our main and crucial goal is to have stakeholders’ commitment to nature friendly farming, make them get closer to the habitat protection principles and keep this small farming culture vivid. According to the results of CIL meetings, the objectives will be specified.

Type of Contracts

The CIL Őrség will focus on results-based and value chain approaches.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Factsheet CIL Őrség   Download PDF Button

back to top

 

 

 

ITALY

CIL Unione Comuni Garfagnaga

Region

The CIL Unione Coumuni Garfagnana is located in a valley closed between two mountain ranges, characterized by a geographical isolation, even inside, due to the morphology of the same, this allows a natural conservation and richness of biodiversity and a strong cultural identity.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

The general target is the ex-situ conservation of local varieties.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

In general, the objectives of the CILs are to consolidate knowledge on agri-environmental agreements and initiatives and to identify promising contracts to maintain and improve biodiversity, cultural heritage and consequently soil, water and air quality. The specific CIL objectives depend on the priorities of the stakeholders, who are already involved in collaborative experiences such as the Food Community (a tool for the enhancement of biodiversity of agricultural and food interest identified in the National Law 194/2015).

Type of Contracts

To date, the main biodiversity-related contracts are based on a results-based approach. It would be interesting to identify new contractual forms of supply chain and agri-environmental collective agreements aimed at the enhancement of agrobiodiversity production.

                                                                                                               Factsheet CIL Unione Comuni Garfagnaga  Download PDF Button

back to top

 

 

 

GERMANY II

CIL Agora Natura

Region

AgoraNatura (www.agora-natura.de) is planned to be launched in August 2020 as the first independent, German-wide online-marketplace for biodiversity and ecosystem services credits (open crowdfunding platform for certified nature conservation projects). Currently four pioneer projects are still on offer (offered by landscape associations and one University) in Lower Saxony, Thuringia, Bavaria and Brandenburg, all offering donation projects. Four projects have already been successfully sold to investors.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

Certification is based on the Naturplus standard (www.naturplus-standard.de), certifying effects on the variety of plants, the variety of structures and the valuable habitat for endangered wild animal species, genetic diversity, pollination, climate and water.

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

The platform AgoraNatura enables pioneers (the land users (e.g. environmental organizations, farmers, municipalities, landscape maintenance associations or landowners) to offer certificates from nature conservation or landscape conservation projects. A certificate shows the area-related effects of the nature conservation measure, e.g. positive effects on the flora and fauna, avoided nitrogen inputs in water bodies or prevented carbon emissions. Individuals and businesses can acquire these certificates and thus invest in the implementation of these projects. Since in AgoraNatura the contract types as well as the general terms and conditions are already defined, we want to use the CILs to elaborate on the demands of businesses concerning the AgoraNatura contracts, including the GTCs and certificates. What do companies expect and demand from the contract partner? How can companies use the investment for their PR and CSR-reports, image/reputation etc.? In result of the CILs we want to develop proposals for dream contract models, contracts might need to be slightly adapted in order to better meet the demand of businesses and to thus increase attractiveness for investors. Moreover, we want to elicit whether there is a possibility to connect AgoraNatura certificates to well-established certification schemes; i.e. how can certification schemes be expanded to also include ecosystem service and biodiversity aspects. Another result of the CILs are potential action supporters (expression of interest by companies).

Type of Contracts

The online marketplace offers the chance to allocate (additional) financing from the private sector for nature conservation. AgoraNatura foresees different financing/contract types: donation contracts, service contracts and work contracts. The first two schemes are financing targeted conservation measures, the last one is funding certain results/successes and thus falls into the category result-based. The online marketplace AgoraNatura is intended to fund high-quality, targeted nature conservation projects. Nevertheless, we know that the goals of nature conservation projects cannot always be achieved despite very good planning and that the risk cannot be assumed by the project providers alone. In addition, the purpose and the institutional situation play a role in the choice of contract form. The majority of the contracts will be action/measure oriented and will therefore be concluded in the form of a donation or service contract. However, we want to explore the other contract form as well and promote their implementation.

                                                                                                                                         Factsheet CIL AgoraNatura Download PDF Button

back to top

 

 

 

GERMANY III

CIL HIPP

Region

HiPP is a leading manufacturer of organic baby food. The company is operating internationally with approximately 8,000 organic farmers supplying products for HiPP. The company places special demands on compliance with environmental and social standards and therefore initiates various sustainability projects. For example, since 2010 HiPP runs a “Model Farm for Biodiversity” to research grassland farming methods, which can improve soil fertility and biodiversity.

Targeted Agri-Environmental/Climate Issues

The CIL will focus on biodiversity, soil protection and water protection, because HiPP considers them as the most important environmental factors related to food production which require targeted support (HiPP sustainability report).

Contract Innovation Lab Objectives

The CIL will focus on value chain approaches, likely in combination with results-based approaches. The CIL objectives are to further stimulate the discussion on and drafting of viable contract approaches, in order to improve the cooperation between producers, suppliers and processing companies, and to increase the impact on nature conservation and sustainability. The long-term goal is to find effective, practical but also cost-efficient solutions and to encourage more companies to go for ‘organic plus’.

Type of Contracts

Value chain approach: We focus in particular on the integration of biodiversity in supplier contracts and stimulate food manufacturers to take biodiversity and ecosystem services into account in their value chains. This includes for example financial support of individual initiatives, such as the „Flowering Landscapes Network“.

                                                                                                                                                            Factsheet CIL HIPP Download PDF Button

back to top