Stakeholder mapping is a descriptive-analytic tool to discover and visualise the relationship among the stakeholders of a focal issue (e.g. a land use planning process, an ecological restoration project, or a change of the legislation of protected areas). Background information about stakeholders is collected through media- and document analysis and key-informant interviews. Data are analysed by qualitative methods in order to list the stakeholder groups relevant to the focal issue and to discover the intensity and character of their relationships. The final outcome of the analysis is the stakeholder map: a graphical representation of stakeholder relationships which includes all relevant stakeholder groups, their subgroups, their basic interests in the focal issue, and the linkages among them.