are the services that humans render to each other to maintain or increase certain ecosystem services (Karsenty, 2013). Environmental services are a sub-group of ecosystem services that are characterised by costs or benefits which have a (negative or positive) effect on a third party which did not choose to be affected. More (FAO, 2007).
See also: are the direct and indirect contributions of nature to human well-being (TEEB 2010; CICES classification). Ecosystem services include the terms ecosystem goods and services (Albert et al., 2016), and environmental services. In man... More
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 2007. The State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA). Paying farmers for Environmental Services. FAO Agriculture Series No. 38.
Karsenty A., 2013. On the Nature of Payments for Environmental Services (PES). Revue du MAUSS, 42: 261-270. DOI: 10.3917/rdm.042.0261