are the direct and indirect contributions of nature to human well-being (TEEB 2010; CICES classification). Ecosystem services include the terms ecosystem are the objects from ecosystems that people value through experience, use or consumption, whether that value is expressed in economic, social or personal terms. Note that the use of this term here goes well beyond a narrow definit... More and services (Albert et al., 2016), and are the services that humans render to each other to maintain or increase certain ecosystem services (Karsenty, 2013). Environmental services are a sub-group of ecosystem services that are characterised by externalities (FAO, 2007... More. In many cases, the use of ES requires human input (UK NEA, 2011). Such human input includes, e.g., fertiliser, technology or knowledge.
See also: refers to “all the contributions, both positive and negative, of living nature (diversity of organisms, ecosystems, and their associated ecological and evolutionary processes) to people’s quality of life” (Díaz et al. 2015)... More
Albert, C., A. Bonn, B. Burkhard, (..) and H. Wustemann, 2016. Towards a national set of ecosystem service indicators: Insights from Germany. Ecological Indicators 61 (1) 38-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.08.050
TEEB, 2010. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Ecological and Economic Foundations. Edited by Pushpam Kumar. Earthscan: London and Washington.
UK National Ecosystem Assessment, 2011. The UK National Ecosystem Assessment: Synthesis of the Key Findings. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.